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The effect of intraluminal acid and cholecystokinin (CCK) receptor blockade on the pancreatic secretory response was examined in rats. Blockade of gastric acid secretion by YM022 (CCK-B receptor antagonist) or famotidine (histamine-2 receptor antagonist) resulted in a significant suppression of casein-stimulated pancreatic exocrine secretion as determined by juice volume and amylase secretion. Ligation of the gastric pylorus, which leads to complete prevention of gastric acid from entering the duodenum, also suppressed pancreatic exocrine secretion. FK480 (CCK-A receptor antagonist) inhibited pancreatic exocrine secretion dose dependently at doses of 0.01-1.0 mg/kg. When submaximal doses of FK480 and YM022 were treated concomitantly, pancreatic exocrine secretion was inhibited more profoundly than when treated solely. Hydrochloric acid (HCl; 0.05 N), injected into the duodenum, stimulated pancreatic exocrine secretion to a level comparable to that exhibited by intraduodenal casein. This effect of HCl was inhibited by FK480 (1.0 mg/kg) but not by YM022 (1.0 mg/kg). These findings suggest that inhibition of gastric acid secretion leads to the suppression of pancreatic exocrine secretion through mechanisms mediated by CCK-A receptors.

Citation

M Kuno, H Sogabe, H Ito, T Matsuo, Y Satoh, Y Motoyama, H Tanaka. Augmentation of the inhibitory effect of FK480, a CCK-A receptor antagonist, on pancreatic exocrine secretion by achlorhydria. Pancreas. 1998 Jul;17(1):57-64

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PMID: 9667521

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