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    We have shown the beneficial effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on posttransplant lung function, when both donor and recipient were pretreated intravenously. However, systemic treatment of multiorgan donors may not be clinically relevant. Thus, we hypothesized that ex vivo treatment of donors with nebulized NAC would be adequate to prevent from ischemia-reperfusion injury after lung transplantation. Lungs were retrieved from domestic pigs and stored at 4°C for 24 h followed by 2 h of ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) to administer 50 mg/kg of NAC via nebulization in the NAC group (n = 6). The control group received nebulized saline (n = 5). Left lungs were transplanted and isolated at 1 h of reperfusion by occluding the right main bronchus and pulmonary artery, followed by 5 h of observation. Physiological data during EVLP and after reperfusion were recorded. Inflammatory response, markers of oxidative stress, and microscopic lung injury were analyzed. There was a trend toward better oxygenation throughout reperfusion period in the treatment group, which was accompanied by inhibited inflammatory response related to reduction in myeloperoxidase activity during EVLP and nuclear factor-κB activation at the end of reperfusion. Ex vivo treatment of donor lungs with inhaled NAC reduced inflammatory response via its antioxidant activity in experimental porcine lung transplantation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Yoshito Yamada, Ilker Iskender, Stephan Arni, Sven Hillinger, Tugba Cosgun, Keke Yu, Wolfgang Jungraithmayr, Nikola Cesarovic, Walter Weder, Ilhan Inci. Ex vivo treatment with inhaled N-acetylcysteine in porcine lung transplantation. The Journal of surgical research. 2017 Oct;218:341-347

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    PMID: 28985871

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