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    Visfatin plays an important role in inflammatory and metabolic conditions. In this study, the effects of septic stress on the serum, white-adipose-tissue (WAT), and liver visfatin levels of male and female rats were examined. Both gonadally intact (sham) and ovariectomized (OVX) female rats were used in order to evaluate the effects of the gonadal hormonal milieu on visfatin responses. Under the saline-injected conditions, the serum visfatin levels and the hepatic, subcutaneous, and visceral WAT visfatin mRNA levels of the OVX and sham rats did not differ. The serum visfatin levels and the subcutaneous, visceral WAT, and hepatic visfatin mRNA levels of both male and female rats were increased by the injection of a septic dose (5mg/kg) of LPS. At 6h after the injection of LPS, the WAT visfatin mRNA levels of the OVX rats were higher than those of the sham rats, whereas the serum visfatin levels and hepatic visfatin mRNA levels of the two groups did not differ. In the cultured visceral WAT, visfatin antagonist (FK-866) attenuated the LPS-induced up-regulations of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α). The pathophysiological roles of visfatin under septic conditions remain to be clarified. In addition, the precise mechanisms responsible for the increased WAT visfatin expression seen after ovariectomy and the effects of such changes should also be clarified. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Takeshi Iwasa, Toshiya Matsuzaki, Sumika Matsui, Altankhuu Tungalagsuvd, Munkhsaikhan Munkhzaya, Eri Takiguchi, Takako Kawakita, Akira Kuwahara, Toshiyuki Yasui, Minoru Irahara. The sensitivity of adipose tissue visfatin mRNA expression to lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxemia is increased by ovariectomy in female rats. International immunopharmacology. 2016 Jun;35:243-7


    PMID: 27083000

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