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    Surfactants are synthetic chemicals utilized as detergents and cleaning products or as dispersants and emulsifiers to face water pollution. In spite of this, due to their wide diffusion, surfactants can induce water and soil pollution, notably in developed countries, and can be toxic to organisms. Taking into account that the assessment of new compounds is mandatory in the European Union, in this research the ecotoxicity of fire-fighting micelle encapsulator F-500, newly utilized as dispersant in seawaters polluted with oil dumping, was evaluated. The assessment was carried out on a battery of test-organisms (freshwater algae, crustaceans, and larval fish; seawater algae, crustaceans, and bivalves; soil earthworms, and seeds) as well as on cultured cells (L-929 mouse fibroblasts), which were exposed to F-500 concentrations. According to the toxicity thresholds provided by GESAMP, F-500 resulted to be slightly or moderately toxic to all test-organisms, excluding the freshwater alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata that suffered highly toxic effects with IC50 values ranging from 0.21 to 0.49mg/L. The IC50 for mouse fibroblasts was 5.41µg/L after 24h treatment. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Luigi Pane, Gian Luigi Mariottini, Elisabetta Giacco. Ecotoxicological assessment of the micelle encapsulator F-500. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety. 2015 Aug;118:167-76

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    PMID: 25938697

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