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The goal of this study was to optimize methyl parathion (O,O-dimethyl-O-4-p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate) degradation using a strain of Escherichia coli DH5α expressing the opd gene. Our results indicate that this strain had lower enzymatic activity compared to the Flavobacterium sp. ATCC 27551 strain from which the opd gene was derived. Both strains were assessed for their ability to degrade methyl parathion (MP) in a mineral salt medium with or without the addition of glucose either as suspended cells or immobilized on tezontle, a volcanic rock. MP was degraded by both strains with similar efficiencies, but immobilized cells degraded MP more efficiently than cells in suspension. However, the viability of E. coli cells was much higher than that of the Flavobacterium sp. We confirmed the decrease in toxicity from the treated effluents through acetylcholinesterase activity tests, indicating the potential of this method for the treatment of solutions containing MP.

Citation

Mohamed Abdel-Razek Saleh Abdel-Razek, Jorge L Folch-Mallol, Lucía Perezgasga-Ciscomani, Enrique Sánchez-Salinas, Maria L Castrejón-Godínez, M Laura Ortiz-Hernández. Optimization of methyl parathion biodegradation and detoxification by cells in suspension or immobilized on tezontle expressing the opd gene. Journal of environmental science and health. Part. B, Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes. 2013;48(6):449-61

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PMID: 23452210

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