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This multicenter phase II study in renal transplantation compared 3 concentration-controlled ranges of FK778 (manitimus) with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) both given in combination with tacrolimus and corticosteroids. 364 patients were randomized to 12-month treatment: high-level FK778 group (H, N=87) received 4 x 600 mg/day (4 days) followed by 120 mg/day; mid-level FK778 group (M, N=92) received 3 x 600 mg/day (3 days) followed by 110 mg/day, low-level FK778 group (L, N=92) received 2 x 600 mg/day (2 days) followed by 100 mg/day, and control group received MMF 1 g/day (MMF, N=93). After week 6, FK778 doses were adjusted to trough ranges of 75-125 μg/mL (H), 50-100 μg/mL (M) and 25-75 μg/mL (L). Tacrolimus and steroids were administered at the same dose in each of the 4 groups. Biopsy proven acute rejection (BPAR) at 24 weeks, the primary study endpoint, was comparable in the L (22.8%) and MMF (17.2%) groups but higher in the H (34.5%) and M (29.3%) groups. BPAR at 12 months was comparable in the L (23.9%) and MMF (19.4%) groups but higher in the H (34.5%) and M (31.5%) groups. Graft and patient survival were lowest in the H group and renal function was poorest in the H and M groups. Premature study withdrawal was highest in the H group. Efficacy was similar between the low-level FK778 and MMF groups. Increased FK778 exposure was poorly tolerated and did not improve efficacy.

Citation

Zbigniew Wlodarczyk, Yves Vanrenterghem, Bernhard K Krämer, Jean-Paul Squifflet, Marek Ostrowski. A multicenter, randomized, double-blind study comparing different FK778 doses (manitimus) with tacrolimus and steroids vs. MMF with tacrolimus and steroids in renal transplantation. BMC nephrology. 2012;13:68

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PMID: 22835011

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