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In this study, the structural basis for thermal stability in archaeal and bacterial proteins was investigated. There were many common factors that confer resistance to high temperature in both archaeal and bacterial proteins. These factors include increases in the Lys content, the bends and blanks of secondary structure, the Glu content of salt bridge; decreases in the number of main-side chain hydrogen bond and exposed surface area, and changes in the bends and blanks of amino acids. Certainly, the utilization of charged amino acids to form salt bridges is a primary factor. In both heat-resistant archaeal and bacterial proteins, most Glu and Asp participate in the formation of salt bridges. Other factors may influence either archaeal or bacterial protein thermostability, which includes the more frequent occurrence of shorter 3(10)-helices and increased hydrophobicity in heat-resistant archaeal proteins. However, there were increases in average helix length, the Glu content in salt bridges, temperature factors and decreases in the number of main-side chain hydrogen bonds, uncharged-uncharged hydrogen bonds, hydrophobicity, and buried and exposed polar surface area in heat-resistant bacterial proteins. Evidently, there are few similarities and many disparities between the heat-resistant mechanisms of archaeal and bacterial proteins.

Citation

Yanrui Ding, Yujie Cai, Yonggang Han, Bingqiang Zhao. Comparison of the structural basis for thermal stability between archaeal and bacterial proteins. Extremophiles : life under extreme conditions. 2012 Jan;16(1):67-78

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PMID: 22015540

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