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We tested whether administration of FK633, a short-acting glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, before median sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass was able to interrupt the platelet activation loop and thereby preserve platelet number and function. This study investigated 16 pigs that underwent median sternotomy and 120 minutes of normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (100 mL/kg) adding pericardial blood to the perfusate. FK633 was administered with heparin to one group (group F, n = 8), whereas only heparin was administered to the control group (group C, n = 8). Blood samples were obtained at several times, and complete blood count, platelet aggregation to adenosine diphosphate, thrombin-antithrombin complex, and bradykinin were evaluated. P-selectin expression and fibrinogen binding on platelet surfaces were measured by flow cytometry. Template bleeding times were measured before and after cardiopulmonary bypass. Chest tube drainage and hematocrit were determined at 2 and 6 hours after cardiopulmonary bypass. In group F, platelet counts were preserved from 90 minutes of cardiopulmonary bypass. Platelet aggregation was inhibited at the beginning of cardiopulmonary bypass and showed no change at wound closure, and bleeding times were shortened at 2 hours after cardiopulmonary bypass. There were significant reductions in hematocrit of drainage. Flow cytometry showed no changes in P-selectin expression and fibrinogen binding in group F, whereas P-selectin expression and fibrinogen binding were elevated in group C. Platelet inhibition with FK633 before invasive surgical procedure preserved platelet counts during and after cardiopulmonary bypass, and produced normal or near-normal bleeding times in the immediate postoperative period.

Citation

Norihiro Kondo, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Fuminori Wakayama, Yoshiko Tamai, Kaiqiang Ji, Kozo Fukui, Ikuo Fukuda. Platelet preservation with a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor in a porcine cardiopulmonary bypass model. The Annals of thoracic surgery. 2005 Jul;80(1):251-7

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PMID: 15975376

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