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We examined the effect of N-(4-acetyl-1-piperazinyl)-p-fluorobenzamide monohydrate (FK960), a novel anti-dementia drug, on neurotrophic factor production in cultured rat astrocytes. FK960 (100nM) increased mRNA and protein levels of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF). FK960 did not affect mRNA levels of neurotrophic factors other than GDNF. The effect of FK960 was not affected by antagonists of dopamine and alpha7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. FK960 stimulated phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) without any effect on phosphoryolation of p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase. FK960 increased the levels of c-Fos and phosphorylation of cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB). The effect of FK960 on c-Fos was inhibited by PD98059 (10microM), an ERK kinase inhibitor, and cycloheximide (1microg/ml), a transcription inhibitor, and the effect of FK960 on CREB phosphorylation was blocked by PD98059. The effect of FK960 on GDNF mRNA expression was attenuated by PD98059, curcumin (10microM), an activator protein-1 inhibitor, cycloheximide and actinomycin D (10microg/ml). These results suggest that FK960 stimulates GDNF production in c-Fos- and CREB-dependent mechanisms in cultured astrocytes and that ERK signal is responsible for both c-Fos expression and CREB phosphorylation in the cascades.

Citation

Yutaka Koyama, Hiroaki Egawa, Masakazu Osakada, Akemichi Baba, Toshio Matsuda. Increase by FK960, a novel cognitive enhancer, in glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor production in cultured rat astrocytes. Biochemical pharmacology. 2004 Jul 15;68(2):275-82

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PMID: 15193999

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